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Geographical view of Poland

Nowy Sącz lies at 49 ° 37’2 “north latitude and 20 ° 42’55” east longitude, it is located in the center of the Sadecka Valley in the chain of the Beskid Sądecki mountains, in the main Carpathian range, in the forks of the two main rivers Dunajec and Nawojowska Between the lands – Gorlice and Limanowska, near the state border with the Slovak Republic, in the southern part of the Małopolskie voivodship. It is the capital of the subregion – the land of Sądecka, the seat of two districts: Grodzki and Tereski.
For residents of the Nowy Sącz district, but also parts of the Limanowa and Gorlice counties, Nowy Sacz is a center filled with a number of tasks in the area of ​​government, judicial, treasury and education, health, culture and sport.

• city area – 57 sq. Km,
• highest point – Majdan Hill –

• lowest point – Wielopole – 272 m above sea level,
• average height of the city – about 300 m above sea level,
• city circuit – 42.3 km,
• length of all streets – 230 km,
• river length – 18 km,
• density – 1486.47 persons / km²

Ossetle Sądeckie
The town has 25 settlements: Barskie, Biegonice, Centrum, Chruślice, Dabrowka, Falkowa, Gołąbkowice, Gorzków, Helena, Kaduk, Kilińskiego, Kochanowskiego, Milenium, Nawojowska, Piątkowa, Poręba Mała, Przewakówka, Stare Miasto, Szujskiego, Westerplatte, Wólki, Przydworcowe, Zabełcze and Zawada.

Border crossings with Slovakia
• Leluchów – Circ (public access roads)
• Piwniczna – Dnis over Poprad (public roads)
• Muszyna – Kurov (small border traffic, road traffic)
• Brewery – Pilhov (small border traffic, road traffic)
• Muszyna – Plavec (public, railway)

Distances between Nowy Sącz and cities in Poland:
Czestochowa – 218 km, Gdańsk – 642 km, Kalisz – 381 km, Katowice – 176 km, Kraków – 97 km,
Krynica – 35 km, Lodz – 297 km, Medyka – 209 km, Oswiecim – 127 km, Poznan – 507 km,
Wodzice – 102 km, Warsaw – 348 km, Wroclaw – 357 km, Zakopane – 98 km.

The city is located in the forks of two major rivers Dunajec and Nawojowskiego. The Hydrographic axis of the Sadecka Valley is the Dunajec River. The waters of Poprad, Nawojowska, Dabrowka, Łubinki, Niskówki and Bieczyczanki take on the surface of Nowy Sącz. It is generally accepted that the rivers of Sądeckie are characterized by considerable variability of flows and states of water. The nature of the rivers of Nowy Sacz is influenced by a number of factors, the main ones being:
Frequent and abundant precipitation accompanying the mountainous areas surrounding the Sadeck Valley;
► fast surface runoff;
► concentric arrangement of rivers;
► low permeability of the substrate (J. Lach, 1997).
The highest water levels are observed after spring thaw and violent torrential downpours. Long-lasting snowflakes occur in the winter and are caused by the occurrence of solid precipitation and long snow cover.Appearing autumn and even summer calves show little retention of the Beskydy.

Thus the fire of Portugal from space

The European Space Agency has broadcast images of the fire taken by the satellite Proba-V


The European Space Agency (ESA) today released photographs of the tragic fire that has struck central Portugal since last Saturday taken from space by the small Proba-V satellite.

The series of images allows distinguishing the zone of Pedrógão Grande (center) calcined by the fire, as well as the active foci and columns of smoke caused by a fire that has already been controlled.

According to the Portuguese authorities, the flames have claimed 64 fatalities and more than 160 injured, according to the latest assessment, and the affected area reaches 30,000 hectares.

More than 1,200 ground troops, including 200 soldiers, 25 firefighters and six aircraft from Spain, have been deployed to extinguish the still active fires, which have a great potential for risk.

Image result for Thus the fire of Portugal from space

The Proba-V, which photographs the Earth’s surface every two days, was launched on 7 May 2013 as part of the European Copernican Earth Observation Program.

Its mission is to provide data on oceans, rivers, lakes, glaciers, climate or natural disasters, with the aim of improving the management of the environment and the daily life of citizens.

Map of Spain, more than 150 quality images to print

When they asked us for a map of Spain to study geography, locate the rivers and locate the mountain ranges, we went to the bookstore. There they gave us a leaf and with it in the folder we went so far to the school. They were different times.

Today parents, teachers, teachers and students have the opportunity to download maps of Spain online . No need to go to the bookstore for a lifetime. And there are all kinds: map of Spain with communities, physical maps, rivers, maps of Spain with provinces or even road maps (although for that most will today opt for Google Maps).

In this special about maps of Spain to download we wanted to compile a series of maps with good quality.  You will find useful if you want to practice your knowledge about autonomous communities, as if you want to teach the rivers to the students or to get the capitals of our provinces to be learned at once.

In total, more than 150 images with maps of Spain free to download to your computer.

Political map Spain

Political map of Spain

Map of Spain political

Political Spain maps are probably the most used by students and teachers . They may include information of a different nature, either individually or in combination. That is, names of provinces, capitals, regions and autonomous communities.

They are very practical to learn the names of each of these places and regions . Then, combined with mute maps, they can help us contrast knowledge. If you are not studying, you also have interesting options. Especially if you want to consult some of these maps to see where exactly a specific city is or print it to keep it always present in the office or the office.

Map autonomous communities

Maps of the autonomous communities of Spain.


If geography was never your forte, it will always help you to know where to look. It does not matter if they talk about Cuenca, Malaga or Zamora. Here you have ten political maps to situate the autonomous communities ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 and 10 ), but also the provinces and capitals of Spain ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 and 10 ). Usually, these maps include both things at once. Here we have shared with you a little of both.

Finally, we want to remind you that each of the Spanish provinces is also divided into regions. Learning the regions can be a feat, only suitable for fans of geography, but who knows. In the following section, specific to communities, we will help you find the best complete maps of each of the regions of Spain.

Map catalonia

Map of Spain by communities

Our country, Spain, is divided into different autonomous communities . Each one with its own idiosyncrasy. On some occasions, especially when it comes to learning different concepts, qualities and characteristics of the region, you need to access a specific map of each community.

That is why we wanted to provide you with different maps for each of the Spanish autonomous communities . This way, you will not need to miss a thousand searches through Google. These are the best maps that you can download and print free of the different autonomous communities. You have them sorted in alphabetical order to make it easier for you to locate them.

Map andalucia spain

Map with the provinces of Andalusia


  • Cantabria . One can not take Miguel Angel Revilla everywhere, so it never hurts to get a good map of Cantabria. If you plan to visit the region, here you will find a political map with the different regions . You will do well to get an idea of the territory you are going to visit. Here you have a guide with roads  and another one with the one of the  most important localities . And if you feel like taking a look at the Romanesque routes, here is another map to download of very good quality . Later we will help you find maps of curiosities, natural sites and cultural routes to enjoy the community.
  • Catalonia . And let’s continue with Catalonia. Whether you are planning to visit the Catalan autonomy, or if you are going to learn the provinces and most important localities, we have maps for all needs. Here we provide a basic map with the four provinces , another with all the regions   and one of the mute , in case you are interested in learning the provinces. We have also found a physical map , which will serve to know the orography of the region.

    Physical catalonia map

    Physical map of Catalonia

  • Extremadura . To know Extremadura as the palm of your hand, all you have to do is download these maps. This is very complete , because it includes information about the main cities and highways of the autonomous community. Here you have a mute map  and physical map , to see the different mountain ranges, rivers and different orographic points of interest.

Physical map download

Map of Spain physical

Physical maps are those that include information on the terrain . Thus, we can find general physical maps, with data on almost all the geography, but also specific maps of rivers and mountain ranges. Some come with topographical and political indications, others are silent, so that students can write down the names, learn them and study them. It would suffice, in that case, to confront him with a map that is not mute.

On the Internet we have many proposals to find a physical map of Spain to download. Here you will find a good number of physical maps that will suit you, in general, to know the physical characteristics of our country: mountains, mountains, mountain ranges, valleys, rivers, reservoirs, etc. Here you have a very complete physical map  and other options for downloading that will also go phenomenal ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5).

If you need muted physical maps , do not worry, because you can also access a lot of them. You will find them more classic , but you will also see that there are more current maps , with designs of pleasant colors or even in black and white . This way, it will always be easy for you to write over and what you write is understood correctly. This comes very well when writing between small spaces (especially when we need to put names to the mountain ranges or rivers).

Map spain rivers

Map of Spain with the main rivers

Map of Spain with rivers

We also have river maps. These are the ones that show the surface of the map the route of the rivers and their tributaries. A network of aquatic networks that we often find difficult to identify. At school this is one of the basic lessons of physical geography, so maps can be a great help for the study.

If you are also a curious of nature and want to know where some of the main Spanish rivers are born, as well as knowing what their tributaries, the maps of Spain of rivers or hydrographic will also go very well .

Here you have one of the maps, with all the tributaries , maps to play to learn the rivers  and others with the main ones . We have found very graphic options , easy to understand and other maps, which you can use as an exercise to identify the different rivers and seas . If you need a map even whiter , dumb, here is another one that will suit you very well to write inside and do it in a clear and clean way .

Hydrographic map

You also have mute river maps to identify rivers.

Map of Spain mute

What is a mute map? Dumb maps are those that represent geographically or politically a territory. Usually, they offer us information about provinces or communities (you will find them in this and other modalities), but in a silent way. That is, no labeling.

Because of their characteristics, they are often used in the field of education. And because they are empty, they allow students to recognize in them the different geographical and political zones . Teachers often use them to help their students identify different points and, logically, place them on the map.

If you are looking for a map of Spain dumb, on the Internet you will find many to download. You must take into account, of course, that there are different typologies. Some serve to identify provinces, others for communities or even rivers .

If you are looking for a map of typical Mudejar Spain, here is the basics . In this you can identify without problems and with total clarity the Spanish autonomous communities . Here you have it in colors, to locate the provincial capitals . This is a completely mute map , in which you can make drawings or write inside. The latter can come in handy, for example, to make illustrations about the different Spanish traditions, typical dishes, languages and dialects used. The options are infinite, so you can now download ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 ,

In this large map you can also identify the provinces . Although of this style you will find infinite options: this one with the islands , another with the autonomous communities of colors , the provinces , the capitals of province with legends , the climates , the orography  and the mountainous systems .

To learn the rivers is another of the great tasks that the students of primary and secondary school face . So teachers and teachers are most likely to ask students for mute maps to identify rivers. Of these you also have many on the Internet. You can find them simpler, in white colors and in other tones, a little more sophisticated ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 ).

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Tourist maps of Spain

Spain is a rich and diverse country , in which you will find spaces of all kinds. We have a great Mediterranean, with big cities like Barcelona or Valencia. To the north we have large communities, such as Galicia, Asturias, Basque Country or Cantabria: colder landscapes, perhaps more rainy, but absolutely imposing. In the center we have architecture, culture and gastronomy in Madrid, La Mancha, León … and to the South, what to say of the South?

That is why tourist maps make so much sense in Spain . We can enjoy many different cultures, customs and gastronomy within the same territory. Through the Internet we can find great maps for tourism and locate the different traditions on the map.

This map will help us to recognize some of the most important monuments of the country  and here we will find, in the form of drawings, the most important monuments and patrimony of each territory . Then there is the possibility to download tourist maps of each of the regions and cities of Spain . For example, you have tourist maps of La Rioja , Madrid , Barcelona , Valencia or Andalusia .

If you want to find a tourist map (you can also search directly) by city, autonomous community or route through Google. Imagine that you want to visit the park of Cabárceno. Write “Map of Cabárceno” in the search engine and click on the Images tab . Here you will find many interesting maps and in a very good resolution.

Another practical example: the map of the Route of Don Quixote in Castilla y la Mancha. Write “Quijote route map” to get image results. You will see that there are from historical maps to proposals specially made for people who today want to go to La Mancha to walk in the footsteps of the Knight Andante.

Where is Ávila in Spain? The geographical location of Ávila

Where is Ávila in Spain? The geographical location of Ávila

Ávila is located 111 kilometers northwest of Madrid, the capital of Spain.

The geographical coordinates of Ávila are 40 ° 39”N, 4 ° 41’0’W

Avila de Los Caballeros, an honorary name for the city, is also the capital of the region of the same name and is now part of the Autonomous Community of Castilla y León, Spain.
There are other cities in Spain like Barcelona or Madrid, which are also cities and give a name to a region.

Located at 1,182 meters altitude, in a rocky enclave on the right bank of the Adaja, a tributary of the Douro (Duero in Spanish). The region of Avila covers 231.9 km².
Due to this location, the climate of Ávila is extreme with cold and long winters and hot summers. (Find the 7-day weather forecast for Ávila)

How to get there by car: take the N-VI or the A-6 to Villacastín, follow the southwest on the N-110. You can also take the M-505 / C-505 through El Escorial, exit N-VI, just before Las Rozas

A map to locate Avila in Spain:


Give me 3 minutes and I’ll explain why you need a technology map

The concept of technology map is not new. It may be the first time you see this term or read about it, but the truth is that some companies have for many years using technology maps to make their decisions about developments and future technologies.

The fact that the technological map is not an extremely popular term is due to the fact that until very recently, a technological map was a task of Titans that only an organization with resources, such as a technology center or a large company with a powerful department Of development, they could afford.

Now thanks to the development and proliferation of databases and analysis tools, it is possible to create your own technological map without having to incur excessive costs or beyond your reach.

But better, let’s go by parts and see that it is a technological map and for what it serves

Okay, but … what is a technology map?

A technological map, is a tool that synthesizes graphically or graphic sequences, those technologies or subtechnologies that are being investigated more. It measures the research effort of some technologies against others and their evolution in a certain period of time.
It is therefore a management tool for the company that must facilitate and help understand the technological environment in which we find ourselves and the interrelations among the agents of this environment. The concept is very abstract but the result of these technological maps is very tangible.

I think it is best to show some examples so that you see firsthand what I mean:

Some specific examples of a technological map:

Each of these technological maps have been elaborated through the analysis of thousands of data and sources, using computer applications to carry out the work. Something that until recently was not possible or at least unthinkable. Of course there are different formats and map models.

Technological map of patents:

Technological map of scope of protection

Technology map of emerging and emerging technologies

The union of these maps, together with others and the data obtained for its elaboration is what allows to draw a broad and deep context in what we call a macro technological map.

Joining the pieces in a macro technology map:

Each of these maps together with other visualizations of the data together give us an overview of what is really happening in a fast and simple way. And this is one of the main advantages of having this tool

“A technological map facilitates the evaluation and understanding by the management of the technological context in which the organization travels.”

I highly recommend that you read this article:

The potential and danger of radical innovation
And thus better understand the utility of this tool.

For me it serves a technological map:

A technology map is a powerful management tool. Basically it serves to guide us and we can know:

  • What technologies are emerging and have opportunities for success
  • What technologies are being abandoned because they are mature or not being successful in the market
  • What technologies are triumphing
  • Which are too busy or too busy to try to introduce us
  • And where there are opportunities not occupied by other companies.

Apart from these five points, a technological map is always useful to avoid what the European Union has begun to know as the cost of ignorance, or rather the cost of reinventing the wheel.

And in 2002 the media and the press echoed a report published by the commission which showed that 31.8 billion euros were spent in redundant investigations each year in Europe. In addition, it is estimated that around 300,000 applications for patents are rejected in the world for revindicating already known solutions.

Well, to finish and summarize, let’s stay with three ideas. A technological map:

It gives us very precise guidelines on the technological evolution of a sector.
It prevents us from destructive innovations, discovering gaps and opportunities that others have not yet taken advantage of.
It allows us to delve into very specific data and know what each company, scientific or developer is doing, avoiding the dreaded duplication of research or redundancy of research.
Alright, now you know what a technological map serves and who they are. In future entries we will talk about the tools that exist to create them and how you can use them.

Spatial Data in the North Country

New Fish Surveys


We have updated the Fish Survey layer on the ARGIS interactive map to include all data collected as of Feb 16, 2012.  You can use the identity tool to get the list of species for a lake, or you can filter by species using our quick filter (right click on the layer in the table of contents–>”Properties & Display Options”–>Quick Filter).  Thanks much to the folks at DEC Fisheries for providing the data updates.

Terrestrial Invasives Layer


We have added a “Terrestrial Invasive Species” layer to the ARGIS interactive map for your viewing pleasure.  The data comes from the Adirondack Park Invasive Plants Program (APIPP), the folks on the front line of trying to control invasive plants & animals in the park.  You can use the identify tool to get more information about the infestation– size, location, and more.

ARGIS: bugs & other known issues


The Adirondack Regional Geographic Information System (ARGIS) is a work in progress. We originally built it as a proof of concept, and it has served that purpose and then some. We have so far been pleased with its performance, but we do know of a few issues that we are working to correct:

  • Google Terrain layer does not redraw correctly when zoomed in past 1:12,000
  • Some KMZ layers in the Download Center do not display in Google Earth unless zoomed in.
  • Rearranging layer order in Table of Contents does not always work as expected.
  • Identify tool does not work when grid data (Digital Elevation Model, Hillshade) added to map.

We also do not know how much traffic the site can support (so far so good!) We hope to resolve these issues in our ARGIS 2.0 release, due Spring 2012. Please let us know of any other bugs or irregularities you find.

Comparing Adirondack land class & development maps: 2001-2011


  • Turn on the historic “2001 Land Use/Development Plan Map” at the bottom of the layer list.
  • Turn on the recent “2011 Land Use/Development Plan Map (APA)” under the “Administrative Boundaries” heading.
  • Right-click on the 2011 map layer in the Table of Contents, and select “Properties & Display Options”.
  • Use the “Opacity” slider to turn the 2011 layer on and off, revealing the 2001 layer underneath it.

DEC Lean-to layer


push to update their assets layer in the Adirondack Park, so check back often
for the latest. If you find omissions or incorrect locations, please let us
know. We plan on adding trail parking and campsites in the next couple months.

View historic Adirondack birds-eye view maps in Google Earth


Print map functionality

We have added basic print map functionality to ARGIS– look for the printer icon on the toolbar.

Newly updated DEC trails layer